Armenia

There is no other land in the world so full of wonders as the land of Armenians… But whatever may have been their destiny, and it has been bitter, whatever it may be in future, their country must ever be one of the most interesting in the world.

George Gordon Byron

General

Official name Republic of Armenia (Hayastani Hanrapetutyun)
Total area 29800 sq km
Population 3.2 millions
Capital Yerevan (1.1 million)
Ethnic division Mainly Armenians (97%) with small groups of Russians, Yazidis, Kurds, Jews, Assyrians, Greeks, Ukrainians, Georgians – 3%
Official language Armenian, a separate branch of the Indo-European language family. The Armenian letters are radically different from the letters of other languages.
Religion Christianity (Armenian Apostolic Church)
Administrative division 10 regions (marzes): Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Shirak, Syunik, Tavush, Vayots Dzor, and Yerevan city district
Major cities Yerevan, Gyumri, Vanadzor, Kapan, Armavir, Gavar, Vagharshapat, Ijevan, Hrazdan
Government Semi-Presidential Republic
State organization The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state.
The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.
Head of State President, elected by plebiscite for 5 year term
Executive power Government headed by the Prime Minister
Legislative National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov), elected for 4 year term
Currency Armenian dram (AMD)
Call

From Armenia and NKR: 00 + country code + city code + called number

From abroad to Armenia and NKR: + 374 + code of town + called number

Geography

Location Armenia is located in the western part of Asia, occupies the north-eastern part of Armenian plateau – between Caucasus and Nearest Asia (the inter-river territory between the middle flows of the rivers Kur and Araks)
Bordering states

Georgia (from North),

Azerbaijan (from East),

Nakhichevan (Exclave of Azerbaijan, from South-West),

Turkey (from West),

Iran (from South)

Geographic coordinates in the South: 38o 50′ Northern Latitude;
in the North: 41o 18′ Northern Latitude:
in the West: 43o 27′ Eastern Longitude;
in the East: 46o 37′ Eastern Longitude
The greatest extent from North-West to South-East – 360 km
from West to East – 200 km
Time zone GMT + 4

National symbols

National Anthem “Mer Hayrenik” (Our Fatherland)
Flag Tricolor, three equal horizontal red, blue, and orange stripes (up to down). The Red emblematizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people’s continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia’s independence and freedom. The Blue emblematizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The Orange emblematizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the Armenians.
Emblem In the middle of the Shield biblical mount Ararat is situated with Noah’s ark on its peak, surrounded by 4 coats of arms of 4 Armenian dynasties: Artashesides, Arshakides, Bagratides,, and Rubenides. Golden Lion and Silver Eagle are carrying the Shield on both sides symbolizing power, might and courage. The sword below symbolizes the struggle for independence, while the feather and ears mean creative labor and peaceableness

Legend tells that when Armenians appeared before God to be given their share of lands, entire earth had already been allotted and they got only stones. And they breathed life into stones, they expressed their thoughts and innermost dreams in stones, stones made the people famous and helped to survive. Armenia is a country of mountains and scenic gorges, stormy rivers and fertile valleys. Geologist can find there all the beds and formations since the origin of the earth crust, archaeologist can observe all the layers of human culture, botanist will be amazed by wealth of vegetation, geographer will be astonished by surprising and combinations of landscapes. One may taste in this country delicious water of mountain springs, touch the stones warmed millennia long by the sun, look at unique monuments of architecture –  fortresses and cave-towns, bass reliefs and frescoes in churches and monasteries, khachkars with finest fretwork, ancient manuscripts of Matenadaran carrying voices from remote ages.

Armenia is rather affordable for tourists and the prices set by the hotels, cafes or clubs are quite reasonable. Hotels in Armenia are equipped with latest facilities offering modest, average and luxurious options and friendly atmosphere.

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