Armenian is an Indo-European language with about 7 million speakers mainly in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. The language forms a separate branch of Indo-European language family. Armenian is the official language of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, and has official status as a minority language in Cyprus, Poland and Romania. The current Armenian alphabet, which consists of 39 characters, was created in 405 AD by a scholar St. Mesrop Mashtots (the original alphabet had 36 letters, 3 characters were added later). The first literature work with the new alphabet was the translation of Bible. The Armenian culture began to develop with the creation of new Armenian alphabet producing The Golden Age of Armenian culture in 5th century. The type of Armenian spoken and written in the 5th century is known as Old or Classical Armenian, Grabar. It continued to be used as a literary language until the late 19th century. The two main modern forms of Armenian emerged during the 19th century when the Historical Armenia was divided between Russian and Ottoman Empires and Persia. Western Armenian developed among Armenians who lived in Western Armenia, the territory under Turkish rule, while Eastern Armenian developed among Armenians living in Eastern Armenia under Russian and Persian rule. Armenia has rich literature heritage and great number of published periodicals in both of the language variants. Nowadays Western Armenian is mainly used in Armenian Diaspora and Eastern Armenian – in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh.

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